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Near Field Infrared Experiment (NFIRE)



NFIRE (Near Field InfraRed Experiment) is an American military (Missile Defense Agency) satellite that is designed to carry a kill vehicle (KV) to aim at any rocket that is launched directly against it. It was launched by a Minataur 1 rocket from Wallops Island in Virginia at 06:48 UT on 24 April 2007. Its instruments can distinguish the fiery exhaust plume at the launch phase from the rocket body. The MDA will launch two ballistic missiles toward NFIRE from Vandenberg AFB to test the NFIRE/KV performances. Two more NFIREs are under construction.

Alternate Names

  • 31140

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 2007-04-24
Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1
Launch Site: Wallops Island, United States

Funding Agency

  • Department of Defense (United States)


  • Surveillance and Other Military

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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