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OTV 1, a United States Air Force X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle, was launched on an Atlas 5 rocket from Cape Canaveral on 22 April 2010 at 23:52 UT. OTV 1 was a 5000 kg, 8.8 m-long reusable mini-spaceplane capable of autonomous re-entry and landing. The OTV 1 mission was designed to test new technologies and develop ways to make space access more routine, affordable and responsive. OTV was the first vehicle since NASA's shuttle orbiter capable of returning experiments to Earth for further inspection and analysis.

The craft landed autonomously at 9:16 UT on 03 December 2010 at the Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

Alternate Names

  • 36514
  • OTV1
  • Orbital Test Vehicle 1

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 2010-04-22
Launch Vehicle: Atlas V
Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States
Mass: 5000 kg

Funding Agency

  • Department of Defense-Department of the Air Force (United States)


  • Surveillance and Other Military
  • Engineering

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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