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Electro-L1, a Russian weather satellite, was launched from Baikonur on 20 January 2011 at 12:29 UT by a Zenit rocket. Electro-L1 is also known as GOMS 2, or Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite 2. Electro-L1 will capture real-time images of clouds and storm systems, collecting weather imagery several times per hour with visible and infrared cameras. The satellite's position in geosynchronous orbit will yield views of the entire Earth disk, allowing its weather sensors to observe storm systems across a wide swath of Asia, the Middle East and the Indian Ocean. The satellite will also study space weather phenomena and provide communications for search-and-rescue services. The satellite weighs 1701 kg and will be parked at 76° E longitude. It is expected to function for up to ten years.

Alternate Names

  • 37344
  • GOMS 2
  • Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite 2

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 2011-01-20
Launch Vehicle: Zenit
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), Kazakhstan

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (Russia)


  • Earth Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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