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VRSS 1 is Venezuela's first remote sensing satellite, and once in operation it is expected to help the country monitor its territory, specifically helping it protect its environment, monitor disasters, estimate agricultural harvests and plan the urban environment. In 2012, it has been renamed Francisco Miranda.

China Great Wall Industry Cooperation (CGWIC), a subsidiary of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) signed a contract with Venezuela Ministry of People’s Power for Science, Technology and Intermediate Industries (MPPCTII) in Caracas, capital of Venezuela, on May 26 for the delivery of the VRSS 1 satellite. According to the contract, CGWIC is the main contractor and will perform in-orbit delivery of the VRSS-1 satellite to MPPCTII together with the subcontractors for the satellite, the launch vehicle, launch control operation and ground application systems.

The VRSS 1 satellite is based on the CAST2000 bus developed by China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), and will be carried into space on a CZ-2D (2) launch vehicle, developed by Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology. The satellite will be launched from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. China Satellite Launch & Tracking Control General Department will be in charge of the satellite launch control operations and CAST will be responsible for remote sensing satellite data acquisition and processing.

Alternate Names

  • VRSS1
  • 38782
  • Francisco Miranda
  • Venezuela Remote Sensing Satellite (VRSS)

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 2012-09-29
Launch Vehicle: Long March 2D
Launch Site: Jiuquan, Peoples Republic of China


  • Earth Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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