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Bion M1



The new generation Bion-M continues the Soviet/Russian satellite program aimed at biological research in space. The most recent spacecraft of the series, Bion 11, was launched in 1996.

The Bion-M1 spacecraft is designed to carry biological, physiological and biotechnological experiments to Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and return them to Earth at the end of the mission.The biological payload for Bion-M1 includes rodents, amphibians, reptiles, crustaceans, mollusks, fish, insects, bacteria, plant and animal cell cultures.

The spacecraft is the result of collaboration hosting biomedical payloads provided by scientific institutions from the United States, Germany, Canada, the Netherlands, Poland and other countries.

The Bion-M automated spacecraft is a unique specialized space complex that will help determine the fundamental mechanisms of how life adapts to microgravity and then readapts to Earth-normal gravity.

Alternate Names

  • 39130
  • BionM1

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 2013-04-19
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2.1a
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), Kazakhstan


  • Life Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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