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Commmunications satellite specifically for Russian government and military, based on the earlier Raduga/Gran but with increased capacity and increased resistance to the effects of radiation. One service provided is tactical battlefield communications and the satellite can also be used with small communications terminals in remote areas.

Alternate Names

    Facts in Brief

    Launch Date: 2013-11-11
    Launch Vehicle: Proton-M
    Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), Kazakhstan

    Funding Agency

    • Unknown (Russia)


    • Communications

    Additional Information

    Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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