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Gaofen 5



The Gaofen civilian high-resolution remote sensing satellites (gao fen = high-resolution) are part of a program that is one of the 16 main programs announced by the State Council in a 15 year plan of Chinese national science and technology programs between 2006 and 2020.

This program will become the main civilian Earth observation project of China in the next years, combining the use of satellites as well as airplanes and even stratosphere balloons.

The program was started in 2010 and at least 14 satellites are planned, forming a near-real-time, all-weather, global surveillance network for agricultural planning, disaster relief, environment protection, and security purposes.

Gaofen-5 is configured with six payloads, including a VIS and SWIR (Shortwave Infrared) hyperspectral camera, spectral imager, greenhouse gas detector, atmospheric environment infrared detector at very high spectral resolution, differential absorption spectrometer for atmospheric trace gas, and a multi-angle polarization detector.

It is based on the SAST-5000B satellite platform developed by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology.

The six payloads on Gaofen-5 are the Advanced Hyperspectral Imager (AHSI); the Visual and Infrared Multispectral Sensor (VIMS); the Greenhouse-gases Monitoring Instrument (GMI); the Atmospheric Infrared Ultraspectral (AIUS); the Environment Monitoring Instrument (EMI); and the Directional Polarization Camera (DPC).

Alternate Names

  • 43461
  • Gaofen5

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 2018-05-08
Launch Vehicle: Long March 4C
Launch Site: Taiyuan, Peoples Republic of China

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (Peoples Republic of China)


  • Earth Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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