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Hongyan 1



Hongyan-1 is the first satellite of a constellation of more than 300 low-orbit satellites tasked with providing global communication services. The Hongyan constellation is being developed by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC).

Hongyan-1 will be placed on a 1,100-kilometer orbit to test L- and Ka-band communications technologies.

The Hongyan constellation is composed of more than 320 satellites, along with data processing centers, and will be built in three stages. The orbital group will consist of 54 main satellites, accompanied by another 270 smaller satellites for coordination of the system.

Alternate Names

    Facts in Brief

    Launch Date: 2019-12-29
    Launch Vehicle: Long March 2D
    Launch Site: Jiuquan, Peoples Republic of China

    Funding Agency

    • Unknown (Peoples Republic of China)


    • Communications

    Additional Information

    Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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