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Elektro-L 3



Designed for a 10-year lifetime and built by the Russian aerospace contractor NPO Lavochkin, the Elektro-L 3 satellite joins two previous Elektro-L weather observatories launched in 2011 and 2015.

NPO Lavochkin confirmed in a statement that the Elektro-L 3 spacecraft was deployed into the mission’s targeted orbit, and ground controllers took control of the satellite as planned. The satellite was expected to unfurl its power-generating solar panels and fine-tune its orbit over the equator, where its speed will match the rate of Earth’s rotation, giving the new weather sentinel a constant view of Russia’s Far East, the Asia-Pacific region, and much of the Pacific Ocean.

The Elektro-L 3’s planned observation post will be over the equator at 165.8 degrees east longitude, joining the other two operational members of Russia’s Elektro-L weather satellite fleet, which are parked in geostationary orbit at 76 degrees east and 14.5 degrees west.

The first two Elektro-L satellites launched from Kazakhstan on Ukrainian-made Zenit rockets. But officials switched the launch of the Elektro-L 3 spacecraft to a Russian-built Proton rocket due to rising tensions between Russia and Ukraine in the wake of Russia’s annexation of Crimea.

The Elektro-L satellites provide weather data to the Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, or Roshydromet, Russia’s weather agency.

Alternate Names

  • 44903
  • ElektroL3

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 2019-12-24
Launch Vehicle: Proton-M
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), Kazakhstan

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (Russia)


  • Earth Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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