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Soyuz MS 20



Soyuz-MS is to provide rescue of the main crew of the station in emergency and delivery of visiting crews.

A Russian cosmonaut, a Japanese billionaire and his production assistant are the first by paying “space tourists” in more than a decade. The mission serves as a stepping stone of sorts to a much more ambitious flight by Yusaku Maezawa, the founder of Zozotown, the largest online fashion retailer in Japan. He is working with SpaceX to charter a flight around the moon aboard the company’s Starship rocket when testing is complete.

With veteran cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin at the controls of the Soyuz MS-20/66S spacecraft, flanked on the left by Maezawa and on the right by Hirano, the spacecraft’s Soyuz 2.1a rocket roared to life at 2:38 a.m. EST (12:38 p.m. local time) and climbed away from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Eight minutes and 45 seconds after launch, the Soyuz ferry ship was released from the booster’s upper stage. Solar panels and antennas then unfolded as planned and the spacecraft set off after the space station, targeting an automated docking at the lab’s Russian Poisk module at 8:41 a.m.

Alternate Names

  • SoyuzMS20
  • 49922

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 2021-12-08
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2.1a
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), Kazakhstan

Funding Agency

  • Russian Space Agency (Russia)


  • Human Crew

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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