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The satellite is the second in a new generation of COSMO-SkyMed radar imaging spacecraft. The fleet is intended for military and civilian use, and is funded by the Italian Space Agency, the Italian Ministry of Defense and the Italian Ministry of Universities and Research.

Each COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation, or CSG, spacecraft, is built by Thales Alenia Space. The satellite carries a radar instrument designed to observe Earth during day and night passes. After deploying from SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket, the CSG 2 satellite was expected to unfold its solar arrays and X-band radar antenna on its first day in space.

The satellite is capable of capturing colorized synthetic aperture radar images with a horizontal resolution as good as 1 foot, or 30 centimeters. The highest-resolution images are restricted for use by institutions approved by the Italian government.

The COSMO-SkyMed satellites were “conceived from the very beginning of the project to satisfy both military and civil requests,” said Giancarlo Varacalli, head of engineering at the Italian Space Agency, known by the acronym ASI.

Alternate Names

  • CSG2
  • 51444

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 2022-01-31
Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (Italy)


  • Earth Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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