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TO 19D - Blue Ghost Mission 1



TO 19D, or Blue Ghost Mission 1, is a lunar lander designed to deliver ten payloads to the lunar surface in 2023. Blue Ghost Mission 1 was selected through NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) initiative, in which NASA contracts with a commercial partner, in this case Firefly Aerospace, that provides the launch and lander.

The Blue Ghost lander consists of a box-shaped structural framework and four landing legs. It has two decks for mounting equipment and 155 kg of payload capacity. Power is provided by solar panels that can be mounted on the sides of the spacecraft or deployed so they can be protruding above the top deck, depending on the orientation of the spacecraft and the Sun. The arrays provide 450 W nominal power and a peak of 650 W. Thermal control is obtained using heat pipes, radiators, multi-layer insulation, and active heaters. Communications at the surface allow 6 Mbps downlink average, 10 Mbps peak, and 0.2 kbps uplink average, 2 kbps peak. It will be carrying ten payloads to the surface.

Launch is planned for late-2023 on a two stage Firefly Alpha vehicle. Blue Ghost will land in Mare Crisium on the Moon and conduct surface operations through one lunar day and for some time after sunset.

For more on NASA's CLPS program and missions, see:

Alternate Names

    Facts in Brief

    Launch Date: 
    Launch Vehicle: Unknown
    Launch Site: , United States
    Nominal Power: 450 W

    Funding Agency

    • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (United States)


    • Planetary Science

    Additional Information

    Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Dr. David R. Williams



    NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
    Dr. Maria E BanksProject ScientistNASA Goddard Space Flight
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