NASA Logo, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive Header

Prime 1 - Intuitive Machines 2 (IM-2)



The objective of the PRIME-1 (Intuitive Machines 2, or IM-2) mission is to land a drill and mass spectrometer near the south pole of the Moon in order to demonstrate the feasibility of in-situ resource utilization (ISRU). The mission is scheduled to launch on a Falcon 9 in mid-2023, on the NOVA-C landing platform developed by Intuitive Machines for lunar landing under NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) initiative, in which NASA contracts with a commercial partner that provides the launch and lander. The Lunar Trailblazer mission is scheduled to be a secondary spacecraft on this launch.

The Nova-C Lander is a tall hexagonal cylinder on 6 landing legs. It is capable of carrying 100 to 130 kg of payload to the surface. It uses solar panels to generate 200 W of power on the surface. Propulsion and landing use liquid methane as fuel and liquid oxygen as an oxidizer. The PRIME-1 mission has two primary components, The Regolith and Ice Drill for Exploring New Terrain (TRIDENT) and the Mass Spectrometer observing lunar operations (MSolo). TRIDENT is an augering drill approximately 1 meter long. The drill is able to stop at any depth as commanded from the ground and deposit and deposit its sample on the surface for analysis. MSolo is a commercial off the shelf (COTS) mass spectrometer modified for spaceflight and lunar operations. Total PRIME-1 payload mass is about 40 kg.

The mission will also carry a lunar "hopper" designed to carry a one-kilogram payload across the lunar surface for a distence up to 2.5 km. In addition, it will carry a Nokia LTE 4G communications test experiment.

For more on NASA's CLPS program and missions, see:

Image credit: Intuitive Machines

Alternate Names

    Facts in Brief

    Launch Date: 
    Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9
    Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States
    Nominal Power: 200 W

    Funding Agency

    • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (United States)


    • Planetary Science

    Additional Information

    Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Dr. David R. Williams



    NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
    Dr. Susan LedererProject ScientistNASA Johnson Space
    Dr. Jacqueline Quinn Program ManagerNASA John F. Kennedy Space
    Dr. Janine CaptainProgram ScientistNASA John F. Kennedy Space
    [] NASA Logo -