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Pioneer 11

NSSDCA ID: 1973-019A

Launch Information

Launch Date/Time: 1973-04-06T02:11:00Z
Launch Vehicle: Atlas-Centaur
Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States

Trajectory Description

No description available.

Trajectory Details

Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start (UTC): 1973-04-05 14:11:00
  Epoch stop (UTC): 1974-12-03 05:22:00
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
1.00 AU0.000°0.00000
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Flyby
Central Body: Jupiter
Closest approach time (UTC): 1974-12-03 05:22:00
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
1.60 RJ51.800°0.00000
Regions Traversed
  Bow shock
  Magnetopause
  Magnetosphere
  Magnetotail
  Plasmapause
  Plasmasphere
  Trapped particle belts
Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start (UTC): 1974-12-03 05:22:01
  Epoch stop (UTC): 1979-09-01 16:31:00
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
4.90 AU6.600°0.00000
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Flyby
Central Body: Saturn
Closest approach time (UTC): 1979-09-01 16:31:00
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
1.34 RS0.000°0.00000
Regions Traversed
  Heliopause
  Solar wind
Type: Solar system escape
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start (UTC): 1979-09-01 16:31:00
  Epoch stop (UTC): 
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
9.40 AU12.600°0.00000
Regions Traversed

Apside Definitions

UnitDefinition
AUAstronomical units (1 AU = 1.495979E8 km)
RJJovian radii (1 RJ = 71,398 km)
RSSaturnian radii (1 RS = 60,330 km)
 
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