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Cosmos 60

NSSDCA/COSPAR ID: 1965-018A

Description

This mission was intended to be a lunar soft-landing mission, with a design similar to that of Luna 4. The spacecraft achieved Earth orbit, but failed to leave orbit for its journey to the Moon for unknown reasons, and was designated Cosmos 60.

Beginning in 1962, the name Cosmos was given to Soviet spacecraft which remained in Earth orbit, regardless of whether that was their intended final destination. The designation of this mission as an intended planetary probe is based on evidence from Soviet and non-Soviet sources and historical documents. Typically Soviet planetary missions were initially put into an Earth parking orbit as a launch platform with a rocket engine and attached probe. The probes were then launched toward their targets with an engine burn with a duration of roughly 4 minutes. If the engine misfired or the burn was not completed, the probes would be left in Earth orbit and given a Cosmos designation.

Alternate Names

  • 01246

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1965-03-12
Launch Vehicle: Molniya
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), U.S.S.R
Mass: 6530.0 kg

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (U.S.S.R)

Disciplines

  • Engineering
  • Planetary Science

Additional Information

Questions or comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Dr. David R. Williams.

 

Selected References

Shelton, W., Soviet space exploration - the first decade, Arthur Barker Ltd., Unnumbered, London, England, 1969.

Harvey, B., The new Russian space programme from competition to collaboration, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England, 1996.

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