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Pioneer 11

NSSDCA ID: 1973-019A

Launch Information

Launch Date: 1973-04-06 at 02:11:00 UTC
Launch Vehicle: Atlas-Centaur
Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States

Trajectory Description

No description available.

Trajectory Details

Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start: 1973-04-05 09:11:00 UTC
  Epoch stop: 1974-12-03 00:22:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
1 AU  0
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Flyby
Central Body: Jupiter
Closest approach time: 1974-12-03 00:22:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
1.6 RJ  51.8°0
Regions Traversed
  Bow shock
  Magnetopause
  Magnetosphere
  Magnetotail
  Plasmapause
  Plasmasphere
  Trapped particle belts
Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start: 1974-12-03 00:22:01 UTC
  Epoch stop: 1979-09-01 12:31:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
4.9 AU  6.6°0
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Flyby
Central Body: Saturn
Closest approach time: 1979-09-01 12:31:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
1.34 RS  0
Regions Traversed
  Heliopause
  Solar wind
Type: Solar system escape
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start: 1979-09-01 12:31:00 UTC
 
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
9.4 AU  12.6°0

Key to Apside Units

UnitDefined asEquivalent metric measure
AUAstronomical Unit1.49597 x 108 km
RJJovian radii71,398 km
RSSaturnian radii60,330 km
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