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Galileo Orbiter

NSSDCA ID: 1989-084B

Launch Information

Launch Date: 1989-10-18 at 22:23:00 UTC
Launch Vehicle: Shuttle-Inertial Upper Stage
Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States
Decay Date: 2003-09-21

Trajectory Description

No description available.

Trajectory Details

Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start: 1989-10-25 21:55:00 UTC
  Epoch stop: 1990-02-05 10:20:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
0.67 AU1 AU 4.3°0.2
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Flyby
Central Body: Venus
Closest approach time: 1990-02-10 00:59:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
5.07 RV  134.9°3.59
Regions Traversed
  Planet
  Plasmapause
  Plasmasphere
  Venus
Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start: 1990-02-14 15:56:00 UTC
  Epoch stop: 1990-12-05 10:47:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
0.7 AU1.27 AU 3.4°0.29
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Flyby
Central Body: Earth
Closest approach time: 1990-12-08 15:35:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
1.93 RE  142.2°2.47
Regions Traversed
  Earth
  Magnetosphere
  Magnetotail
  Planet
Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start: 1990-12-11 20:24:00 UTC
  Epoch stop: 1991-10-29 17:49:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
0.9 AU2.27 AU 4.5°0.43
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Flyby
Central Body: 951 Gaspra
Closest approach time: 1991-10-29 17:49:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
16,200 km  0
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start: 1991-10-29 17:49:00 UTC
  Epoch stop: 1992-12-05 05:09:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
0.9 AU2.27 AU 4.6°0.43
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Flyby
Central Body: Earth
Closest approach time: 1992-12-08 10:09:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
1.05 RE  161.1°2.32
Regions Traversed
  Earth
  Magnetosphere
  Planet
Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start: 1992-12-11 16:03:00 UTC
  Epoch stop: 1993-08-28 12:52:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
0.97 AU5.29 AU 1.5°0.69
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Flyby
Central Body: 243 Ida
Closest approach time: 1993-08-28 12:52:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
2,400 km  0
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start: 1993-08-28 12:52:05 UTC
  Epoch stop: 1995-07-14 03:29:00 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
0.97 AU5.29 AU 1.519°0.68566
Regions Traversed
  Interplanetary Medium
  Solar wind
Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Sun
Epoch start: 1995-07-14 03:29:00 UTC
  Epoch stop: 1995-09-13 18:37:11 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
0.9 AU5.3 AU 1.519°0.71046
Type: Interplanetary cruise
Central Body: Jupiter
Epoch start: 1995-09-13 18:37:11 UTC
  Epoch stop: 1995-12-07 12:45:58 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
4.08 RJ  5.148°1.071
Type: Flyby
Central Body: Io
Closest approach time: 1995-12-07 12:45:58 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
892 km  0
Type: Flyby
Central Body: Jupiter
Closest approach time: 1995-12-07 16:53:44 UTC
Orbital Parameters
PeriapsisApoapsisPeriodInclinationEccentricity
4.01 RJ  0

Key to Apside Units

UnitDefined asEquivalent metric measure
AUAstronomical Unit1.49597 x 108 km
REEarth radii6,378 km
RJJovian radii71,398 km
RVCytherean (Venus) radii6,052 km
kmkilometer1,000 m
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