US Efforts Towards ISO Archiving Standards - Overview

ISO has encouraged the development of standards in support of the long term preservation of digital information obtained from observations of the terrestrial and space environments. ISO requested that the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems Panel 2 coordinate the development of those standards. (CCSDS has subsequently reorganized and the work is now situated in the Data Archive Ingest (DAI) Working Group.)

The initial effort has been the development of a Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS). The OAIS Reference Model has been reviewed and pending some editorial updates, It has been approved as an ISO Standard and as a CCSDS Recommendation.

The development history of this effort can be seen by surveying the many past US, French, British and International workshops. With the growing acceptance of the OAIS Reference Model, attention is turning to identifying and starting additional archival standardization efforts. This is reflected in the Digital Archive Directions (DADs) Workshop and the Archival Workshop on Ingest, Identification, and Certification Standards (AWIICS).

AWIICS identified significant interest in starting new standardization efforts, and provided starting documents related to Ingest, Identification, and Certification of Archives.

An effort examining the Ingest area has produced the Producer-Archive Interface Methodology Abstract Standard.

Current efforts are:

A series of international workshops, augmented with e-mail exchanges and occasional teleconferences, is traditional for CCSDS Working Groups and it is expected to be the primary international mode of working. The timing of the international workshops on archiving standards is planned to coordinate with CCSDS DAI Working Group meetings. National workshops and development efforts take place between the international meetings. These activities are focused on developing national positions and input for the international efforts.

Participation in US Efforts

We welcome all participants who we feel can make positive contributions to development of US positions and who are able to contribute to completion of US work items.

We hope to distribute materials we develop for wide review and we welcome any users who would care to review the developed materials or any who just wish to track the status of our efforts.

To register your interest in supporting one or more of these efforts, please use the following forms:

Upcoming Workshops

Selected Past Workshops

Related Efforts

Current Workplans

Reference Materials

Presentations Materials

OAIS Reference Model

Producer-Archive Interface

(If you have a presentation for this list, please send the presentation to

Wider Views

Overview of International Effort

Media Longevity Reports

(If you have a media longevity report for this list, please send the report to


A service of NOST at NSSDC. Comments and suggestion are always welcome.

Curator: John Garrett ( +1.301.286.3575
Responsible Official: Code 690.1 / Don Sawyer ( +1.301.286.2748
Last Revised: 2006-06-30, John Garrett