SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 501
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
25 July 1995
All information in this publication was received between
June 25, 1995, and July 24, 1995.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1995-037C (23622) Cosmos 2318 Jul 24
1995-037B (23621) Cosmos 2317 Jul 24
1995-037A (23620) Cosmos 2316 Jul 24
1995-036A (23617) Progress M-28 Jul 20
1995-035B (23613) TDRS 7 Jul 13
1995-035A (23612) STS 70 Jul 13
1989-084E (NILL ) Galileo probe Jul 13
1995-034A (23609) USA 112 Jul 10
1995-033C (23607) UPM/LBSAT Jul 07
1995-033B (23606) Cerise Jul 07
1995-033A (23605) Helios 1A Jul 07
1995-032A (23603) Cosmos 2315 Jul 05
1995-031A (23601) Cosmos 2314 Jun 28
1995-030A (23600) STS 71 Jun 27
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
1995-037C, 1995-037B, 1995-037A
Cosmos 2318, Cosmos 2317, and Cosmos 2316 are the latest
members of the Russian GLONASS fleet of navigational/positioning
spacecraft. They were launched by a Proton-K rocket from
Baykonur cosmodrome at 16:52. Currently, the fleet consists
of 18 operational and one backup spacecraft and will have the
complete 25 spacecraft by the end of 1995. Approximate initial
orbital parameters were period 11 hr, 16 min, altitude 19,100 km,
and inclination 64.4 deg. Configuration of the GLONASS
constellation is listed in section C-3.
Progress M-28 is a Russian automatic cargo spacecraft that was
launched from Baykonur cosmodrome at 03:05 UT by a Soyuz-U rocket.
It docked with Mir at 05:40 UT on 22 July and delivered 2.4 tonnes
of supplies to Mir station on 22 July. [According to ITAR-TASS news
agency, among the items delivered to MIR were two icons of
St. Anasthasiya, the patron saint of former Yugoslavia, blessed by
Patriarch Aleksiy II and Pope Paul II to bring peace among the
factions.] Initial orbital parameters were close to those of MIR.
TDRS 7 is an American, geostationary Tracking and Data
Relay Satellite that was launched from Shutle STS 70. It will
relay data between spacecraft, and between spacecraft and ground
stations, in F and Ku bands. The testing will be done for about
six months while the TDRS is parked on 150 W longitude and moved
to another longitude (probably 171 W) based on test results.
STS 70 is an American Shuttle spacecraft that was launched
from Cape Canaveral. Its main misssion was to launch
the TDRS satellite. Initial orbital parameters were period
90.5 min, apogee 315 km, perigee 287 km, and inclination 28.4 deg.
Galileo probe was released from the Galileo spacecraft at
05:30 UT to begin its own trajectory for the eventual penetration
of the Jupiter atmosphere on 7 December 1995 with a speed of 47
km/s. On 27 July Galileo will be maneuvered to orbit around
Jupiter so that at the time the probe penetrates the atmosphere,
Galileo will be just overhead to receive the telemetry signals.
The 339 kg probe carries seven instruments: a helium abundance
detector, an atmospheric structure instrument, a neutral mass
spectrometer, a radiometer, a nephelometer, a lightning detector,
and an energetic particle detector.
USA 112 is an American military spacecraft.
UPM/LBSAT is a Spanish experimental 47-kg spacecraft
to test telecommunications capability and was launched by an
Ariane rocket from Kourou in French Guiana at 17:23 UT, along
with two other spacecraft. Initial orbital parameters were period
98.1 min, apogee 675 km, perigee 664 km, ands inclination 664 km.
Cerise is a French microsatellite of 50 kg mass and was
launched by an Ariane rocket from Kourou in French Guiana at
17:23 UT. It is to eavesdrop on weak HF communications. Initial
orbital parameters were period 98.1 min, apogee 675 km, perigee
666 km, and inclination 98.0 deg
Helios 1A is a French military, photo-surveillance satellite
of 2.5 tonnes that was launched by an Ariane rocket from Kourou in
French Guiana at 17:23 UT. It is believed to be capable of one-meter
resolution pictures. Initial orbital parameters were period 98.3
min, apogee 680 km, perigee 678 km, and inclination 98.0 deg.
Cosmos 2315 is a Russian navigational spacecraft which was launched
from Plesetsk cosmodrome by a Cosmos-3M rocket. Its hardware and
the new KURS system that it carries will enable maritime traffic
control and messages to individual vessels. Initial orbital
parameters were period 105 min, apogee 1,027 km, perigee 988 km,
and inclination 82.9 deg.
Cosmos 2314 is a Russian military spacecraft that was
launched from Plesetsk cosmodrome by a Suyuz-U rocket at 18:25 UT.
Initial orbital parameters were period 89.6 km, apogee 368 km,
perigee 177 km, and inclination 67 deg.
STS 71 is an American Shuttle which was launched from Cape Canaveral
at 19:32 UT. Its main mission was to dock the 100 tonne Shuttle
with the 220 tonne Russian MIR station. The docking was successfully
completed at 13:00 UT on 29 June. The mission is the first of a
series of such exercises in connection with the planned
international Alpha space station. STS 71 undocked from MIR at
12:10 UT on 4 July. Initial orbital parameters of the Shuttle at
launch were period 91.3 min, apogee 385 km, perigee 296 km, and
inclination 51.6 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are about 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the 2-NN members in the planes/slots.
The RAAN decreases by about 1.0 deg each month; below are their
24 May, 95 RAAN longitudes.
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 243 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 303 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 5 2-24 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 67 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E 125 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 185 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
The GLONASS NNN series orbit in three distinct planes that are 120
deg apart. Each plane has eight "slots". Following are the members of
Plane1 Plane2 Plane3
slot1 771 slot 9 slot17 760
slot2 757 slot10 *781 slot18 758
slot3 763 slot11 *785 slot19 777
slot4 762 slot12 767 slot20 765
slot5 249 slot13 slot21 756
slot6 764 slot14 770 slot22 766
slot7 759 slot15 *780 slot23 761
slot8 769 slot16 775 slot24 774
slot8 769 slot16 775 slot24 774
Coordinational Scientific Information Center (CSIC) Russian Space Forces
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Home page WWW.IKI:
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1995
1995-030A (23600) STS 71 Landed on 07 Jul
1995-031B (23602) R/B COSMOS 2314 [SL-04] 04 Jul
1992-090A (22278) AUSSAT B2 29 Jun
1995-026C (23586) R/B (?) COSMOS 2312 22 Jun
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the NSSDC Request Coordination
Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific
information (REQUEST@NSSDCA.GSFC.NASA.GOV). Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be FTP'ed from NSSDC's ANON_DIR:[000000.ACTIVE] and its
several subdirectories. (See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the ACTIVE directory named AAREADME.DOC, outlines the contents.)
Go to SPACEWARN Bulletin Index Page
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Questions/comments about the content of these pages should be directed to:
The World Warning Agency for Satellites, email@example.com
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, firstname.lastname@example.org, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, email@example.com
Last updated: 28 August 1995, EVB II