SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 508
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites as the WWAS for IUWDS/COSPAR
25 February 1996
All information in this publication was received between
25 January 1996 and 25 February 1996.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1996-012B (23805) TSS-1R 25 Feb
1996-012A (23801) STS 75 22 Feb
1996-011A (23798) Soyuz TM-23 21 Feb
1996-010A (23794) RADUGA 33 19 Feb
1996-009F (23792) Cosmos 2330 19 Feb
1996-009E (23791) Cosmos 2329 19 Feb
1996-009D (23790) Cosmos 2328 19 Feb
1996-009C (23789) GONETS D1-3 19 Feb
1996-009B (23788) GONETS D1-2 19 Feb
1996-009A (23787) GONETS D1-1 19 Feb
1996-008A (23784) NEAR 17 Feb
1996-007A (23781) N-STAR-B 05 Feb
1996-006A (23779) PALAPA C-1 01 Feb
1996-005A (23775) Gorizont 31 25 Jan
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
TSS-1R is an American/Italian spacecraft that was deployed from
STS 75 at the end of a 20 km long braided nylon, copper, and Teflon
wire of 2.5 mm thickness at 08:45 UT. It carried instruments for 12
plasma/optics/magnetic field experiments. After extending nearly to
its full length of 20 km, the tether broke at the shuttle end, thus
rendering all experiments inoperational. Before the tether failure
it did verify Faraday's laws of induction by generating 1600 V and
420 mA. The same kind of release was attempted in August 1992, but
the tether could not be extended and the spacecrfat stayed in the
cargo bay. It is expected that the free-flying TSS-1R, along with
its tether, will soon re-enter the atmosphere.
STS 75 is an American shuttle spacecraft that was launched from Cape
Canaveral at 20:18 UT. Its main mission was to release and retrieve
an American/Italian tethered spacecraft named TSS-1R. It also carried
resources for some microgravity experiments. The tether was slowly
extended almost to its full length of 20 km on 25 February 1996,
but soon broke near the shuttle end, thus making the TSS-1R an
unintended free-flyer; TSS-1R along with the tether is expected to
decay soon. The shuttle's orbital parameters were period 90.5
min, apogee and perigee 294 km, and inclination 28.5 deg.
Soyuz TM-23 is a Russian transportation spacecraft that was
launched from Baykonur at 12:34 UT, carrying two cosmonauts. It
docked with the MIR station at 14:24 UT on 23 February 1996. Soon
after launch, its orbital parameters were period 88.6 min, apogee
240 km, perigee 202 km, and inclination 51.6 deg.
RADUGA 33 is a Russian communications spacecraft that was launched
by a Proton-K rocket from Baykonur and was intended to be
geosynchronous; but it turned out to be a failed launch due to the
explosion of the fourth stage just prior to the final maneuver.
It was launched by a Proton-K rocket from Baykonur.
1996-009D, 1996-009E, 1996-009F
Cosmos 2328, Cosmos 2329, and Cosmos 2330 are Russian military
spacecraft that were launched by a Cyclon-3 rocket from Plesetsk
cosmodrome along with the three GONETS spacecraft listed below.
Initial orbital parameters of all three were approximately the same
as those of the GONETS constellation listed below.
1996-009A, 1996-009B, 1996-009C
GONETS D1-1, GONETS D1-2, and GONETS D1-3 are Russian
communications/photo-reconnoissance spacecraft that were launched by
a Cyclon-3 rocket, along with three COSMOS spacecraft listed above.
They will monitor disasters like oil spills and illicit transport of
radioactive cargo, and provide prompt alerts. Initial orbital
parameters of all three GONETS were approximately the same: period
114 min, apogee and perigee 1415 km, and inclination 82.58 deg.
NEAR (Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous) is a heliocentric orbiter
that was launched from Cape Canaveral by a Delta 2 rocket at 20:43
UT. The 818 kg (including 400 kg of fuel) spacecraft is the first
member NASA's low-budget, fast-track Discover class, and will orbit
around a major asteroid, Eros (with dimensions of 38 km x 13.5 km x
13.5 km) for a year beginning February 1999. Enroute, NEAR will
pass by another asteroid, 253-Mathilde in June 1997 at 1,200 km
distance, return near Earth for a gravity boosted speed, and
then make the final voyage to Eros to orbit as close as 15 km from
its surface. It carries an instument to provide infrared images and
spectra, an X-ray/gamma-ray spectrometer, a magnetometer, a laser
range finder, and a radioscience instrument.
N-STAR-B is a Japanese geosynchronous communications spacecraft that
was launched by an Ariane rocket from Kourou in French Guiana at
07:19 UT. The 3,400 kg spacecraft is expected
to provide voice and TV broadcasts to Japan and neighbouring regions.
PALAPA C-1 is an Indonesian geosynchronous spacecraft that was
launched from Cape Canaveral by an Atlas 2AS rocket at 01:15 UT.It
will provide voice and TV communications to the 17,000 islands of
Indonesia and the nearby Asia-Pacific region. It carries 24 C-band,
six extended C-band, and four Ku-band transponders, most of
which have been leased to several countries.
Gorizont is a Russian geosynchronous communications spacecraft was
launched by a Proton booster from Baykonur. It carries transponders
to enable telephone and television communications to the Russian
republic, after parking at 40 E longitude.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are about 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the 2-NN members in the planes/slots.
The RAAN decreases by about 1.0 deg each month; below are their
approximate RAAN longitudes in November 95.
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 235 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 296 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 357 2-24 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 62 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E 119 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 177 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
The GLONASS NNN series orbit in three distinct planes that are 120
deg apart. Each plane has eight "slots". Following are the members of
Plane 1 Plane 2 Plane 3
slot-1 771 slot-9 776/778 slot-17 760
slot-2 757 slot-10 781 slot-18 758
slot-3 763 slot-11 785 slot-19 777
slot-4 762 slot-12 767 slot-20 765
slot-5 249 slot-13 782 slot-21 756
slot-6 764 slot-14 770 slot-22 766
slot-7 759 slot-15 780 slot-23 761
slot-8 769 slot-16 775 slot-24 774
Coordinational Scientific Information Center (CSIC) Russian Space Forces
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Home page WWW.IKI:
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1996
1995-070A (23744) PROGRESS M-30 22 Feb
1996-005B (23776) R/B SL-12 29 Jan
1996-001A (23762) STS 72 Landed on 20 Jan
1996-001B (23763) OAST FLYER Retrieved on 20 Jan
1995-011A (23521) SFU Retrieved on 20 Jan
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
Mr. Geoffrey Perry, MBE, of the Kettering Group, Cornwall, England
has communicated to us on 18 February 96 the following message about
an orbiter he numbers as 1995-000A:
EXPRESS, a German capsule, procured from Russia's KB Salyut,
carrying microgravity experiments and heatshield test samples,
intended for recovery after 5.5 days in Woomera, Australia, was
launched by a Japanese M-3S II rocket from Uchinoura at 13:45 UT,
January 15, 1995. A second stage guidance failure resulted in a very
low orbit with an 88 min period, apogee 250 (?) km, perigee 115 (?)
km, and inclination 31.2 deg. It was initially assumed to have fallen
into the Pacific ocean off the coast of South America. No objects
from the launch were catalogued by USSPACECOM. Mr. G. E. Perry, MBE of
the Kettering Group, England, published a paper, based on reports in
the Ghanaian Times and Ghanaian Chronicle, in the November 1995 issue
of the Astronautical Society of Western Australia's News Bulletin
suggesting that the "strange object" which had landed at Kotorigu,
near Tamale, could be the recoverable capsule which would have passed
over Ghana after 2.5 orbits. This paper was brought to the notice of
Daimler-Benz Aerospace and DARA whose subsequent enquiries and on the
spot investigations confirmed that the object in the hanger at Tamale
was indeed the Express capsule. Diplomatic negotiations are in
progress to secure the return of the capsule to Germany.
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the NSSDC Request Coordination
Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific
information (REQUEST@NSSDCA.GSFC.NASA.GOV). Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be FTP'ed from NSSDC's ANON_DIR:[000000.ACTIVE] and its
several subdirectories. (See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the ACTIVE directory named AAREADME.DOC, outlines the contents.)
It can also be accessed via the WWW at:
This URL also enables executing several codes related to the orbits
of many geocentric science payload spacecraft. The codes related to
the heliospheric spacecraft trjectories can be executed through:
Go to SPACEWARN Bulletin Index Page
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Questions/comments about the content of these pages should be directed to:
The World Warning Agency for Satellites, email@example.com
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, firstname.lastname@example.org, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, email@example.com
V1.0: 04 March 1996
Last Updated: 18 March 1996, EVB II