SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 511
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites as the WWAS for ISES/COSPAR
25 May 1996
All information in this publication was received between
25 April 1996 and 24 May 1996.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1996-033A (23877) Galaxy 9 24 May
1996-032D (23876) PAMS-STU 22 May
1996-032C (23872) IAE 20 May
1996-032B (23871) Spartan 207 20 May
1996-032A (23870) STS 77 19 May
1996-031A (23868) MSTI 3 17 May
1996-030B (23865) AMOS 1 16 May
1996-030A (23864) PALAPA C-2 16 May
1996-029D (23862) USA 122 12 May
1996-028A (23860) PROGRESS M-31 05 May
1996-027A (23857) SAX 30 Apr
1996-026A (23855) USA 118 24 Apr
1996-025A (23853) Cosmos 2332 24 Apr
1996-024A (23851) MSX 24 Apr
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
Galaxy 9 is an American geosynchronous spacecraft to provide voice
and vision communications to North America. It was launched by a
Delta 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral.
PAMS-STU is an American experimental spacecraft that was released
from the shuttle STS 77 to test an attitude stabilization design.
The 35 kg spacecraft has an unbalanced mass distribition and two
magnetic rods; the interaction of the rods with Earth's magnetic
field is expected to damp any wobble or spin. There were some
problems in ascertaining the success fully because of the
malfunction of the laser ranger. It is expected to re-enter the
atmosphere soon. Initial orbital parameters were close to those of
IAE (Inflatable Antenna Experiment) is an American inflatable mylar
antenna that was released from STS 77. It expanded to a diameter
of 16 meters and retained its shape with the help of three inflated
30-meter struts. It re-entered the atmosphere after several orbits.
Initial orbital parameters were close to those of STS 77.
Spartan 207 is an 850 kg module that was released from
the shuttle STS 77 as a platform from which to launch an inflatable
antenna. It was captured back into the shuttle soon after the
antenna release. Initial orbital parameters were close to those of
STS 77 is an American Shuttle that was launched from Cape Canaveral
at 10:30 UT. The main mission was to release an inflatable antenna,
IAE. The release occurred from a platform called Spartan 207 which
in turn was released from the shuttle a few hours earlier. The
third object that was released was an experimental 35 kg
minispacecraft, PAMS-STU. Besides, STS 77 carried the usual
complement of crystal, metal, and biomedical experimental gear along
with 32,000 sea urchin eggs and a supply of sperm to squirt on
them, all in the Spacehab module. A new fizzy Coca-Cola delivering
experimental device failed to perform satisfactorily. Initial orbital parameters
were period 90.1 deg, apogee 287 km, perigee 278 km, and inclination
MSTI 3 is an American military spacecraft that was launched by a
Pegasus rocket from an airplane over California. It has the ability to
monitor baseline data on Earth's atmosphere and environment. Initial
orbital parameters were period 91.3 min, apogee 384 km, perigee
297 km, and inclination 97.0 deg.
AMOS 1 is an Israeli geosynchronous communications spacecraft that
was launched by an Ariane 44L rocket along with PALAPA C-2. The 996
kg spacecraft (with a dry mass of 471 kg) carries seven active
transponders in the Ku-band to enable voice and vision
communications to a large area centered on Israel.
PALAPA C-2 is an Indonesian geosynchronous communications spacecraft
that was launched from Kourou, French Guiana, by an Ariane 44L rocket
at 01:56 UT. With its 34 transponders and parked at 113E longitude,
it is expected to provide voice and vision communications to a large
area bounded by Iran, Vlodivostok, Autralia, and New Zealand.
USA 122 is an American military spacecraft that was launched
(plausibly) from Cape Canaveral by a Titan rocket. It may have been
accompanied by three other spacecraft (presumably USA 119/29A,
USA 120/29B, and USA 121/29C), but the USSPACECOM has been unable
(as of 24 May 96) to confirm.
PROGRESS M-31 is a Russian automatic cargo carrying spacecraft to
provide equipments and supplies to the MIR station. It was launched
by a Soyuz-U rocket from Baykonur cosmodrome. It docked with MIR and
delivered 3,000 kg of food, fuel and water. Initial orbital
parameters were period 92.4 min, apogee 190 km, perigee 163 km, and
inclination 51.6 deg.
SAX (Satellite per Astronomia a raggi X) is an Italian/Dutch
celestial X-ray monitoring telescope that was launched from Cape
Canaveral by an Atlas 1 rocket. It carries a 64 MB tape recorder
to unload data from each orbit to Malindi, Kenya, via a geostationary
Intelsat spacecraft. Initial orbital parameters were period 96.5
min, apogee 603 km, perigee 583 km, and inclination 96.5 deg.
USA 118 is an American military spacecraft.
Cosmos 2332 is a Russian military spacecraft that was launched
from Plesetsk cosmodrome. Initial orbital parameters were period
103.6 min, apogee 1,564 km, perigee 294 km, and inclination 82.9 deg.
MSX (Midcourse Space eXperiment) spacecraft is an American military
spacecraft to detect missile launches during the "midcourse" phase.
It was launched by a Delta 2 booster from Vandenberg AFB at about
16:15 UT. Its multispectral instruments are capable of obtaining
wide band and spectral images in the range of infrared to
ultraviolet wavelengths; the emissions also enable civilian
aeronomic and auroral studies. The 2,700 kg, 5.1 meter spacecraft
carries three sections each of 150 cm x 150 cm cross-section to
house three payload components: electronics section, 8.5 K frozen
hydrogen section, and instruments section. The four instruments are
wide-field visible light imager, wide-field UV imager, narrow-field
UV and visible light imager, and spectroscopic imager. Initial
orbital parameters were period 103.5 min, apogee 905 km, perigee 897
km, and inclination 99.3 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbits in six distinct planes that are about 60 deg apart.
Each plane has five "slots." Following are the 2-NN members in the planes/slots.
The RAAN decreases or increases by about 1.0 deg each month; below are their
approximate RAAN longitudes in November 1995.
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4 SLOT-5
A 235 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 296 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 357 2-24 2-25 2-19 2-20 2-13
D 62 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E 119 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 177 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
The GLONASS NNN series orbit in three distinct planes that are 120
deg apart. Each plane has eight "slots". Following are the members of
Plane 1 Plane 2 Plane 3
slot-1 771 slot-9 776/778 slot-17 760
slot-2 757 slot-10 781 slot-18 758
slot-3 763 slot-11 785 slot-19 777
slot-4 762 slot-12 767 slot-20 765
slot-5 249 slot-13 782 slot-21 756
slot-6 764 slot-14 770 slot-22 766
slot-7 759 slot-15 780 slot-23 761
slot-8 769 slot-16 775 slot-24 774
Coordinational Scientific Information Center (CSIC) Russian Space Forces
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Home page WWW.IKI:
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1996
1996-032C (23872) IAE 22 May
1996-023B (23849) R/B PRIRODA 19 May
1996-023C (23850) R/B PRIRODA 13 May
1994-072A (23336) COSMOS 2293 13 May
1996-028B (23861) R/B PROGRESS M-31 08 May
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the NSSDC Request Coordination
Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific
information (REQUEST@NSSDCA.GSFC.NASA.GOV). Information on the current
status of the instruments on board from the investigators will be most
welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be FTP'ed from NSSDC's ANON_DIR:[000000.ACTIVE] and its
several subdirectories. (See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the ACTIVE directory named AAREADME.DOC, outlines the contents.)
It can also be accessed via the WWW at:
This URL also enables executing several codes related to the orbits
of many geocentric science payload spacecraft. The codes related to
the heliospheric spacecraft trjectories can be executed through:
Go to SPACEWARN Bulletin Index Page
About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
About Spacecraft Categories
Questions/comments about the content of these pages should be directed to:
The World Warning Agency for Satellites, email@example.com
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, firstname.lastname@example.org, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, email@example.com
V1.0: 29 May 1996
Last Updated: 06 June 1996, EVB II