SPACEWARN
Bulletin
A monthly publication of the National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center for Satellite Information
No. 579                                                                                                                            01 Feb. 2002

SPACEWARN Activities

All information in this publication was received between 1 January 2002 and 31 January 2002.

A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates (UTC).

USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
  COSPAR/WWAS USSPACECOM  SPACECRAFT              LAUNCH
    INT.ID    CAT. #      NAME                   DATE (UT)
  --------------------------------------------------------
   2002-002A    (27298)  INSAT 3C         23 Janaury  2002
   2002-001A    (27168)  USA 164          16 January  2002
   2001-058F    (27060)  Gonets 14        28 December 2001
   2001-058E    (27059)  Gonets 13        28 December 2001
   2001-058D    (27058)  Gonets 12        28 December 2001
   2001-058C    (27057)  Cosmos 2386      28 December 2001
   2001-058B    (27056)  Cosmos 2385      28 December 2001
   2001-058A    (27055)  Cosmos 2384      28 December 2001

B. Text of Launch Announcements.

2002-002A INSAT 3C is an Indian (ISRO) geosynchronous communications spacecraft that was launched by an Ariane 44L rocket from Kourou at 23:47 UT on 23 January 2002. The 2,750 kg, triaxially-stabilized spacecraft carries 24 C-band, six extended C-band, and two S-band transponders to provide voice, video and digital data services to India and neighboring countries during the next 12 years, after parking over 74-E longitude. It carries also a separate S-band (up)/C-band (down) transponder to enable links between mobile vehicles.
2002-001A USA 164 is an American geosynchronous military communications spacecraft that was launched by a Titan 4B rocket from Cape Canaveral at 00:30 UT on 16 January 2002. The 4,545 kg, 5 kW satellite belongs to the fleet of Milstar 2 satellites that are extra-secure against jamming and radiation/blast attacks, and enables secure links among ships, submarines, aircraft, and ground forces. Being the fifth in the Milstar 2 series, it also carries the alternate names of Milstar 5 and Milstar 2-5, being actually the fourth and final memeber of the four-satellite grid. (Milstar 4 was a launch failure.)
2001-058D, 2001-058E,
  2001-058F
Gonets 12, Gonets 13, and Gonets 14 are Russian civilian reconnaissance/communications spacecraft that were launched by a Tsiklon 3 rocket from Plesetsk at 04:09 UT on 28 December 2001. (Some Russian reports have carried the series name as Gonets D1, instead of just Gonets.) These were reported as Payload D, Payload E, and Payload F in SPX-578. The Gonets' are to locate and report natural and man-made environmental disasters around the world, and to relay messages from/to mobile telephones, like the earlier six Gonets' are doing. The initial orbital parameters of all three were period 114 min, apogee 1,447 km, perigee 1,415 km, and inclination 82.5°.
2001-058A, 2001-058B,
  2001-058C
Cosmos 2384, Cosmos 2385, and Cosmos 2386 (previously unidentified and reported in SPX-578 as Payload A, B, C) are Russian military communications satellites that were launched by a Tsiklon 3 rocket from Plesetsk at 04:09 UT on 28 December 2001. Initial orbital parameters of all three were period 114 min, apogee 1447 km, perigee 1415 km, and inclintion 82.5°.

C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation

  1. Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric or geodetic studies. (NNSS denotes U.S. Navy Navigational Satellite System. Updates or corrections to the list are possible only with information from the user community.)

    Note: The full list appeared in SPX 545. The list will not be repeated in future issues until significantly revised again.

  2. Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational purposes and geodetic studies.

    High precision (<20 cm) GPS constellation tracking data obtained from the network of about 400 dedicated global stations that are of interest to geodetic study may be obtained through the following services provided by the International GNSS Service (IGS). The IGS is a service of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG).

         FTP:    igscb.jpl.nasa.gov  [directory /igscb]
         WWW:    http://igscb.jpl.nasa.gov/
         E-mail: igscb@cobra.jpl.nasa.gov
    

    The standard format of the GPS situation appeared in SPACEWARN Bulletin No. 518. It will not be repeated since an excellent source of trajectory- and science-related GPS information is at:

    http://www.colorado.edu/geography/gcraft/notes/gps/gps_f.html

    It provides many links to GPS related databases.

  3. Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS constellation. (SPACEWARN requests updates/additions from readers to this list.)

    All GLONASS spacecraft are in the general Cosmos series. The Cosmos numbers invoked by USSPACECOM have often differed from the numbers (NNNN) associated in Russia; when different, the USSPACECOM Cosmos numbers are shown in parentheses. The corresponding GLONASS numbers are Russian numbers, followed by the numbers in parentheses that are sometimes attributed to them outside Russia.

    The operating frequencies in MHz are computed from the channel number K. Frequencies (MHz) = 1602.0 + 0.5625K and L2 = 1246.0 + 0.4375K.

    The standard format of the GLONASS situation last appeared in SPACEWARN Bulletin No. 545. It will not be repeated in view of the excellent updated source at: http://www.glonass-ianc.rsa.ru/ maintained by the Information-Analytical Center (IAC), Russian Space Agency.

    The latest addition to the GLONASS fleet are Cosmos 2380, Cosmos 2381, and Cosmos 2382.

  4. Visually bright objects.

    See http://www.space-track.org/perl/bulk_files.pl. Users must register. Conditions apply.

  5. Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B) only. No further information is available.
    Designations         Common Name                  Decay Date (2002)
    
    2001-035B (26889) SIMPLESAT 1                               30 Jan
    2001-031B (26872) R/B Atlas 2A/Centaur                      28 Jan
    1992-038B (22013) R/B Scout G-1                             28 Jan
    2000-076B (26625) R/B Ariane 44L                            25 Jan
    1978-094B (11056) R/B that launched COSMOS 1043             19 Jan
    1983-090D (14319) R/B(2) that launched Molniya 3-21         16 Jan
    1982-083A (13432) MOLNIYA 3-19                              13 Jan
    1980-069A (11932) COSMOS 1206                               13 Jan
    2001-055C (26999) R/B Delta 2                               01 Jan
    
  6. 60-day Decay Predictions.

    See http://www.space-track.org/perl/60day_decay_predict.pl. Users must register for access. Conditions apply

  7. Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the SPACEWARN Bulletin.)

  8. Related NSSDC resources.

    NSSDC/WDC for Satellite Information is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft. Many space physics datasets are on-line for electronic access through:
    http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/space/

    For off-line data, please contact the Request Office, NSSDC, Code 690.1, NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific information (nssdc-request@listserv.gsfc.nasa.gov). Information on the current status of the instruments on board from the investigators will be most welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload spacecraft may be obtained from:
    http://nssdcftp.gsfc.nasa.gov/miscellaneous/orbits/

    Other files of interest for Earth-centered spacecraft can be generated via the URL,
    http://sscweb.gsfc.nasa.gov/

    Programs related to the heliospheric spacecraft trajectories can be executed through the URL:
    http://cohoweb.gsfc.nasa.gov/helios/heli.html

    Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft may be accessed through links from the URL:
    http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/

SPACEWARN Bulletin index About the SPACEWARN Bulletin About Spacecraft Categories NSSDC home page

Questions/comments about the content of these pages should be directed to:
The World Warning Agency for Satellites, wwas@mail630.gsfc.nasa.gov
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771

Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II
NASA Official: Dr. Ed Grayzeck
V1.0, 31 January 2002
Last updated: 05 March 2003, EVB II