SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 495
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
25 January 1995
All information in this publication was received between
December 25, 1994, and January 24, 1995.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1995-002C (23465) FAISAT Jan 24 -086E (23445) Cosmos 2303 Dec 26
-002B (23464) ASTRID Jan 24 -086D (23444) Cosmos 2302 Dec 26
-002A (23463) TSIKADA Jan 24 -086C (23443) Cosmos 2301 Dec 26
-001A (23461) INTELSAT 704 Jan 10 -086B (23442) Cosmos 2300 Dec 26
1994-089A (23455) NOAA 14 Dec 30 -086A (23441) Cosmos 2299 Dec 26
-088A (23453) Cosmos 2305 Dec 29 -085A (23439) RADIO-RASTO Dec 26
-087A (23448) RADUGA 32 Dec 28 -084A (23435) USA 107 Dec 22
-086F (23446) Cosmos 2304 Dec 26
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
FAISAT, a U.S.A. experimental communications microsatellite, was
launched by a Cosmos-3M rocket from Plesetsk cosmodrome at 03:54 UT.
Initial orbital parameters of the 115 kg spacecraft were period 105
min, apogee 1021 km, perigee 967 km, and inclination 82.9 deg.
ASTRID, a Swedish microsatellite of 26 kg, was launched by a
Cosmos-3M rocket from Plesetsk cosmodrome at 03:54 UT. It carried
three instruments (EMIL, MIO, and PIPPI) for measuring auroral plasma
and for auroral imaging. Initial orbital parameters are period 105
min, apogee 1023 km, perigee 968 km, and inclination 82.9 deg.
TSIKADA, a Russian maritime navigational spacecraft, was launched by
a Cosmos-3M rocket from Plesetsk cosmodrome at 03:54 UT. Initial
orbital parameters were period 105 min, apogee 1031 km, perigee 982
km, and inclination 82.9 deg.
INTELSAT 704, a geostationary communications spacecraft of that
consortium, was launched by an Atlas-2AS rocket from Cape Canaveral.
It will be parked over the Indian Ocean to provide radio and TV
coverages to Middle-East, Africa, and parts of Europe.
NOAA 14 is a U.S.A. weather spacecraft that was launched by an
Atlas-E rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base. It will replace
NOAA 11 whose cloud cover imaging instrument had failed a few months
ago. Besides an imaging radiometer, it carries optical sounders to
monitor temperature and moisture content in the atmosphere, and
counters to measure energetic electrons and protons. Initial
parameters of the Sun-synchronous orbit are period 102 min, apogee
858 km, perigee 845 km, and inclination 98.9 deg.
Cosmos 2305, a Russian military spacecraft, was launched from Baykonur
cosmodrome by a Soyuz-U rocket at 11:31 UT. Initial orbital
parameters are period 89.2 min, apogee 306 km, perigee 189 km, and
inclination 64.9 deg.
RADUGA 32 is a Russian geostationary communications spacecraft that
was launched by a Proton-K rocket from Baykonur cosmodrome at 11:31
UT for eventual parking at 70 deg E-longitude. (In some Russian
institutions the spacecraft is noted as RADUGA (32))
1994-086F, -086E, -086D, -086C, -086B, -086A
Cosmos 2304, Cosmos 2303, Cosmos 2302, Cosmos 2301, Cosmos 2300,
and Cosmos 2299 were launched by a Tsiklon-3 rocket from
Plesetsk cosmodrome at 22:27 UT. They are low orbiting military
communications spacecraft with initial orbital parameters of period
114.2 min, apogee 1442 km, perigee 1415 km, and inclination
RADIO-ROSTO is the 15th of the Russian amateur radio spacecraft;
it was launched by a modified SS-19 missile from Baykonur cosmodrome
at 03:00 UT. ROSTO is an acronym for Russian Defence, Sports, and
Technical Organization. Initial orbital parameters are period 127
min, apogee 2165 km, perigee 1885 km, and inclination 64.6 deg.
USA 107 was launched.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the members of the planes/slots. The RAAN
pertains to late December 1994 and changes by about 0.1 deg each month.
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 249 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 309 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 10 2-24 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 71 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E 132 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 190 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1995
1994-081B (23421) R/B MOLNIYA 1-88 14 Jan
1994-088B (23454) R/B COSMOS 2305 03 Jan
1965-038B (01378) R/B OPS 8386 01 Jan
1994-087B (23449) R/B RADUGA 32 31 Dec, 94
1993-071A (22904) COSMOS 2267 28 Dec
1994-055B (23228) R/B OPTUS B2 27 dec
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
Vladimir Agapov of the Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics,
Moscow (Russia) has informed us that OKEAN-01 spacecraft in
SPX 492 should be
corrected to read as OKEAN-O1, and RESURS-01 in
SPX 493 as RESURS-O1.
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the Request Office,
NSSDC, Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland, 20771, U.S.A., for specific
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Last updated: 23 May 1995, EVB II