Each encounter is carefully planned to modify the orbit and set up the next satellite flyby. This was the last flyby to occur during the Galileo prime mission. The Galileo extended mission (called the Galileo Europa Mission) includes eight more close encounters with Europa, four more with Callisto, and up to two excursions into the Io plasma torus. The Galileo extended mission begins on 15 December 1997.
Galileo project images on NSSDCA Photo Gallery
Many of the images taken by Galileo of Jupiter and its satellites are available on NSSDCA's Photo Gallery. The pages are available via the Photo Gallery's Galileo image index or from the Photo Gallery's Jupiter page.
Europa 11 flyby timeline
The following timeline is a list of different events which will occur beginning with the official start of the Europa 11 (the number actually refers to the Galileo orbit number) encounter and proceding until the day of the primary mission. The times are given in Universal Time (UTC) of the event at the spacecraft.
Date/Time Instrument Event ________ __________ _____ 02 Nov 16:00 Start of Europa 11 encounter 03 Nov 06:06 UVS Start Callisto neutral torus 19:49 UVS End Callisto neutral torus 04 Nov 12:23 UVS Start Io torus observations 23:35 UVS End Io torus observations 05 Nov 06:52 UVS Europa eclipse observations 07:17 Callisto closest approach (673,000 km) 09:39 EUV/UVS Auroral map 16:13 NIMS First brown barge observation 16:22 UVS Auroral haze observation 18:36 SSI Auroral time-lapse 06 Nov 00:18 NIMS Europa global 10:31 RS Start Europa gravity field 10:45 PPR Jupiter global 17:50 PPR Europa hot spots 18:48 NIMS Europa Pwyll mosaic 19:03 SSI Europa color samples 20:09 F&P Start wake/equator observations 20:32 Europa closest approach (3,607 km) 22:51 F&P End wake/equator observations 23:36 SSI Thebe 07 Nov 00:42 Jupiter closest approach (641,000 km) 01:00 SSI Amalthea 06:31 RS End Europa gravity field 10:20 Ganymede closest approach (1,540,000 km) 10:49 Science turn (high-phase Jupiter/Io) 14:04 SSI Culann plume 21:11 NIMS Io monitoring 23:45 Io closest approach (793,000 km) 08 Nov 00:09 SSI Lightning search 03:00 PPR Io full disk 05:37 UVS Auroral map 07:25 SSI Loki plume 14:56 SSI Jupiter rings 22:33 Turn to return to Earth point 09 Nov 06:10 NIMS Last brown barge observation 16:00 End of Europa 11 encounter/Start cruise 10 Nov 00:40 Orbital Trim Maneuver (OTM) 36 16 Nov 03:01 RS Start Earth occultation observation 05:00 Start Earth occultation by Jupiter 20:13 End Earth occultation by Jupiter 22:13 RS End Earth occultation observation 21 Nov 15:38 Attitude update burn 26 Nov 19:10 Orbital Trim Maneuver (OTM) 37 13 Dec 23:00 Orbital Trim Maneuver (OTM) 38 15 Dec 08:00 End cruise/Start Galileo Europa Mission
There are other Jupiter-related resources available at NSSDCA.
Further information on the Europa flyby can be found at:
Times are Eastern Standard Time. Conferences can be seen on NASA Select. Conferences and other media events will be added as they become scheduled.
Date/Time Event ________ _____ 12/16/97 1:00 p.m. Galileo briefing on results from primary mission
Overview of interesting events
Date/Time Event ________ _____ 12/07/95 Probe entry (timeline available) 03/14/96 Perijove raise maneuver 03/22/96 Final attempt to deploy high-gain antenna (failed) 06/27/96 02:29 a.m. Ganymede closest approach #1 (EDT) (timeline available) 09/06/96 03:00 p.m. Ganymede closest approach #2 (EDT) (timeline available) 11/04/96 08:30 a.m. Callisto closest approach #1 (EST) (timeline available) 12/19/96 01:53 a.m. Europa closest approach #1 (EST) (timeline available) 02/20/97 12:03 p.m. Europa closest approach #2 (EST) (timeline available) 04/05/97 02:10 a.m. Ganymede closest approach #3 (EST) (timeline available) 05/07/97 11:57 a.m. Ganymede closest approach #4 (EDT) (timeline available) 06/25/97 09:47 a.m. Callisto closest approach #2 (EDT) (timeline available) 09/16/97 08:19 p.m. Callisto closest approach #3 (EDT) (timeline available) 11/26/97 03:32 p.m. Europa closest approach #3 (EST) (timeline available)
Other Event Related News
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